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AUDIO

CBC: Quirks and Quarks March 12, 2019: Clam gardens have been cultivated by Indigenous people for millennia

 

CBC: All Points West: Gulf Islands seeing return of traditional First Nations clam gardens

 

CBC: Quirks and Quarks: Aboriginal Gardens Make Happy Clams

 

CBC:NxNW: The Clam Garden Network, 1 Feb, 2015

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LESSON PLANS & TEACHERS GUIDES

First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC)

Science First Peoples: Teacher Resource Guide: Grades 5-9

Unit 1 Traditional Ecological Knowledge

 

First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC)

Science First Peoples: Teacher Resource Guide: Secondary (online)

PDF version

Unit 4 Shaping the Land (page 115)

Section 4-3 Clam Gardens; Shaping the Intertidal

 

Ocean Networks Canada

Contact: learning@oceannetworks.ca

Presentation: Loxiwé (Clam Gardens)

Grades K-12

Website: coming soon

 

Junior Sea Doc Program and Lesson Plan

Húy̓at Teacher’s Guide

If You Want to Visit a Sea Garden Teachers Guide

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WEBSITES

 

Húy̓at: Our Voices, Our Land

Húy̓at Teacher's Guide

 

Sea Gardens Across the Pacific

 

W̱SÁNEĆ Clam Garden Restoration Project

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PRESENTATIONS

 

Recorded:

Dr. Dana Lepofsky on The Clam Garden Network: Exploring the social-ecological contexts

UBC Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, Sept.15, 2020

In Class and Virtual: Archaeology in Schools

Contact: Nicole Smith

Presentations: Clam Gardens; Archaeology Stream to Sea

Virtual or In-person Presentations for Grades K-12

Website: https://nicolefsmith.com/archaeology-in-schools/

 

Ocean Networks Canada

Contact: learning@oceannetworks.ca

Presentation: Loxiwé (Clam Gardens)

Grades K-12

Website: coming soon

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PRINT MEDIA

W̱SÁNEĆ Clam Garden Restoration Project

 

The Vancouver Sun: Clam Gardens Reveal Ancient Secret. March 16, 2016

 

New Scientist: Prehistoric fisheries offer clues to sustainable catch. New Scientist, 15:53 23 March 2012 by Jude Isabella

 

Archaeology Magazine: The Edible Seascape. Archaeology Magazine, Volume 64 Number 5, September/October 2011 by Jude Isabella

 

Hakai: Clam Gardens are Cultivating a New Look at Ancient Land Use

Hakai: The Great Walls of Quadra

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ARTICLES & PUBLICATIONS

Augustine, S. and P. Dearden, 2014. Changing paradigms in marine and coastal conservation: A case study of clam gardens in the Southern Gulf Islands, Canada. The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe Canadien, 58: 305–314.

doi: 10.1111/cag.12084

 

Deur, D., Adam Dick, K. Recalma-Clutesi, NJ Turner. 2015. Kwakwaka’waka “Clam Gardens”  Motive and Agency in Traditional Northwest Coast Mariculture.  Human Ecology 43(2):201-212.

 

Donatuto, J., L. Campbell, and W. Trousdale, W. 2020. The “value” of values-driven data in identifying Indigenous health and climate change priorities. Climatic Change 158: 161– 180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-019-02596-2

Greiner, C. 2021. Clam garden ground-breaking ceremony. Swinomish Indian Tribal Community Newsletter. Washington. 

Groesbeck, A.S., K. Rowell, D. Lepofsky, A.K. Salomon. 2014. Ancient clam gardens increased shellfish production: Adaptive strategies from the past can inform food security today. PlosOne 9(3). 

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091235

 

Holmes, K., Cox, K., Cline, A.R., Hatch, M.B.A., Black, M.J., Salomon, A.K., Lepofsky, D., Smith, N.F. and Dudas, S, 2020. Ancient Ecology: The Quadra Island Clam Gardens. Fisheries, 45: 151-156.

doi: 10.1002/fsh.10374

 

Jackley, J., L. Gardner, A. Djunaedi, A.K. Salomon. 2016 Ancient clam gardens, traditional management portfolios, and the resilience of coupled human-ocean systems. Ecology and Society 21(4): 20

https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-08747-210420

 

Lepofsky, D., N.F. Smith, N. Cardinal, J. Harper, M. Morris, Gitla (Elroy White), R. Bouchard, D.I. D. Kennedy, A.K. Salomon, M.Puckett, K. Rowell and E. McLay 2015. Ancient shellfish mariculture on the Northwest Coast of North America. American Antiquity, 80(2): 236-259

DOI: 10.7183/0002-7316.80.2.236

 

Lepofsky, D., G. Toniello, J. Earnshaw, C. Roberts, L. Wilson, K. Rowell, and K. Holmes. 2020. Ancient anthropogenic clam gardens of the Northwest Coast expand clam habitat. Ecosystems. Published on-line May 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-020-00515-6

 

Moss, M.L. 1993. Shellfish, gender, and status on the Northwest Coast: reconciling archaeological, ethnographic, and ethnohistorical records of the Tlingit. American Anthropologist 95:631-652.

Moss, M.L. and H.P. Wellman. 2017. The Magoun clam garden near Sitka, Alaska: niche construction theory meets traditional ecological knowledge, but what about the risks of shellfish toxicity? Alaska Journal of Anthropology 15: 7-24.

 

Neudorf CM, Smith N.F., Lepofsky D, Toniello G, Lian OB, 2017. Between a rock and a soft place: Using optical ages to date ancient clam gardens on the Pacific Northwest. PLoS ONE 12 (2): e0171775. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171775

 

Olsen, J. 2019. 2014-2020 W̱SÁNEĆ Clam garden restoration project final report. Caring for and Kexals – digging clams in the W̱SÁNEĆ territory. Prepared for the Gulf Island National Park Reserve and Parks Canada.

 

Pinkerton, E. and J.J. Silver. 2011. Cadastralizing or coordinating the clam commons? Can competing community and government visions of wild and farmed fisheries be reconciled? Marine Policy 35:63-72.

DOI:10.1016/j.marpol.2010.08.002

 

Salter, N. 2018. Ancient clam gardens magnify bivalve production by moderating temperature and enhancing sediment carbonate. MRM thesis, School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University.

 

Silver, J.J. 2014. From fishing to farming: Shellfish aquaculture expansion and the complexities of ocean space on Canada’s west coast. Applied Geography 54: 110-117

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.07.013

 

Silver, J.J. 2014. Shellfish and coastal change: Pacific oysters and Manila clams in BC waters. BC Studies 181.

 

Silver, J.J. 2013. Neoliberalizing coastal space and subjects: On shellfish aquaculture projections, interventions and outcomes in British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Rural Studies 32: 430-438

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2013.10.003

 

Smith N.F., Lepofsky D, Toniello G, Holmes K, Wilson L, Neudorf C, Roberts C. 2019. 3500 years of shellfish mariculture on the Northwest Coast of North America. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0211194. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211194.

 

Stern, B. 1934. The Lummi Indians of Northwest Washington. Columbia University Contributions to Anthropology, 17. New York.

 

Toniello, G., D. Lepofsky, G. Lertzman-Lepofsky, A. Salomon, and K. Rowell 2019. 11,500 years of human-clam relationships provide long-term context for intertidal management in the Salish Sea, Canada. PNAS. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1905921116